The Global and China L4 Autonomous Driving and Start-ups Report, 2021, found that except for a few companies, such as Waymo and Uber, which performed worse than expected, level four (L4) autonomous driving firms in other fields gained momentum.

In most circumstances, L4 cars do not require human intervention but the driver can still do so, according to SAE International, a global standardisation body. Currently, most autonomous driving technology in use is either classified as L2 or L2+, under which sensors are used to give a vehicle “environment detection” capabilities to help it monitor…

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